Being obese or overweight is not just a cosmetic issue as some people tend to believe. These conditions significantly raise your risk for contracting other health problems. The following are some of the risks of a higher BMI.
High blood pressure
When your blood pressure rises, and stays high over time, it may damage your body in several ways. The risks of having this condition are greater when you’re obese or overweight.
Having a higher body mass index may lead to building up of plaque in the arteries. Ultimately, an area of plaque may rupture. This causes a blood clot to form. When the clot is near your brain, it may block the flow of blood plus oxygen to the brain, and cause a stroke. Note that the risk of having stroke increases as BMI also plus oxygen to the brain, and cause a stroke. Note that the risk of having stroke increases as BMI also increases.
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a disease whereby the body’s blood sugar, or blood glucose level is too high. Usually, your body converts food into glucose and carries it to cells found throughout the body. These cells use a hormone known as insulin to change glucose into energy.
In type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells do not properly use insulin. Initially, the body reacts by producing more insulin. However, over time, the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin to control the blood sugar level. The majority of people having type 2 diabetes are obese.
Abnormal blood fats
This is also one of the risks of a higher BMI. When you are obese, you are at increased risk of having abnormal blood fats level. They include high amounts of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL cholesterol.
Being obese or overweight also raises your risk of breast, colon, gallbladder, and endometrial cancers
This is a common joint condition of the lower back, hips, and knees. The problem happens when the tissue which protects your joints wears away. Additional weight may exert more pressure, and wear the joints and this causes pain.
This is a common disorder whereby you have one, or more pauses in your breathing or shallow breaths when sleeping. The individual who has this condition might have more fat stored around his or her neck. This may narrow the airway, making it difficult to breath.
Having a higher BMI may lead to menstrual problems plus infertility in women.
Risks of higher BMI in children and teens
Obesity and being overweight also increases health risk for teens and children. For instance, type 2 diabetes one was uncommon in American children. But now, increasing number of teens and children are developing the disease.
Having a higher BMI comes with several health risks as discussed above. Therefore, it is recommended you talk to your physician and find out whether you’re at an increased risk, and whether you ought to lose weight. Your physician is going to assess your waist measurement, BMI and other risk factors for those conditions.