Category: Mental Health

Understanding Behavioural Disorders: What is Bipolar?

mood

Extreme changes in mood disrupt thoughts and drain energy from the body. Also known as manic depression, bipolar is a behavioral disorder that switches a person’s moods between two poles. Bipolar cases can subsequently get hyper and then slump into deep depression. They can rapidly switch from being extremely talkative people to dull and irritable people. The change in mood can last for a couple of minutes, hours, day or months.

 

specialistSymptoms

You can know a bipolar case by monitoring his or her mood swings. Bipolar symptoms can subsequently be divided into two segments that consist of the depressive and hypo-manic episodes. When hit by a streak of depression a bipolar patient often feels hopeless, sad and disinterested in things that many people find significant in life. The phrase “simple life pleasures” lose meaning – bringing about an overwhelming urge for self-destruction.

When asked to explain what is bipolar? Note that the answer should encompass the hypo-maniac episodes as well. The episodes are characterized by insomnia – caused by dashing and confusing thoughts that makes sleep harnessing difficult. A bipolar case would, therefore, find it difficult to concentrate on a specific thought and follow a plan to the end. When the hypo-maniac state of affairs set in, they speak rapidly and exhibit agitation. These symptoms may vary from one person to the next depending on whether the case is mild or extreme.

 

Diagnosis

Bipolar diagnosis is best done by a medical expert who understands human behavioral dynamics. The specialist must be able to discern between the two poles that characterize bipolar and document them. Standard diagnosis procedures are vital in noting condition’s degree hence, establishing the best way to treat it.

 

Who is Likely to Develop Bipolar?

The condition is widely misunderstood. In some communities, bipolar is looked at as a bad spirit inhabitation or attack. Others think of it as a preliminary psychotic problem while there are those who ignore it as a person’s natural traits. Scientific research that seeks to shade more light into the behavioral disorder has also established that the condition can be genetic and hereditary for that matter. Lifestyle trends that may lead one toward drugs and alcohol abuse can as well as spark some forms of the disease. Social, professional and financial can also instigate bipolar-like symptoms.

 

bipolarGetting to Know the Types

Bipolar I disorder is characterized by maniac-type symptoms that can last for one or more weeks. It also presents an array of mixed symptoms as the person goes through the mood swing loop with highs and lows. Bipolar II disorder is on the other hand noted by tracking the ease of falling into bouts of depression. It’s not as severe as bipolar I and rarely requires hospitalization. Cyclothymic bipolar is the third type, and it often incorporates mood fluctuations. It is the most manageable form of bipolar though it can be exacerbated by the irresponsible use of drugs and alcohol. Note that with the right form of medical intervention and social support, it’s possible to beat bipolar and its discontents. The condition can hold one back from living a healthy and productive life. Therefore, it should be rolled back at all cost.

The Truth About Post-Stroke Seizures

Over a half a century ago, when individuals spoke of diseases like high blood pressure, cancer, stroke and what have you, we all associated the complications with old age. Over fifty years down the line, this is no longer the case anymore. These old age diseases have somehow successfully crept into the so-called young generation and currently, any individual irrespective age can suffer from either of the complications.

Stroke is a complication that results from the interruption of blood supply to the brain. The blood supply interruption leads to the brain being deprived of sufficient oxygen or nutrients causing its cells to die. Victims of stroke often suffer from seizures that cause them to shake violently and completely lose control and are often mistaken for a stroke.

Facts on post-stroke seizures

ufwejsauijzdreerStroke and seizures should not be confused at all because they have vast differences. A seizure is typically short lived and the individual recovers after a short time, on the other hand, a stroke is a longer lasting episode and in many cases, it leaves some permanent damage on the victim. Individuals who have suffered a stroke are more likely to suffer from seizures. Statistics indicate that a risk of seizure after stroke is high during the first thirty days post stroke. In the old generation, just half of newly diagnosed cases of epilepsy originate from a first thirty days post stroke.

What studies shows about post-stroke seizures

Further study indicates that seizures post-stroke are slightly more likely to happen in cases of hemorrhagic rather than ischemic stroke. Approximately 36,500 of the 730,000 individuals who suffer from stroke each year experience seizures post stroke. Seizures result from or occur when there is a scar on the brain. When the brain gets an injury from stroke, a scar is left, and this can trigger abnormal electrical activity that sparks a seizure. Stroke survivors who have not had seizures yet can reduce the risk by changing their lifestyle. Among the necessary adjustments is the control of weight and blood pressure. The increase of physical activities and consumption of a well-balanced diet can also help a great deal.

Most seizures last only a few second or minutes after which normal mental and physical functioning gets restored. In some cases like status epilepticus, individual experiences abnormally prolonged seizures and does not regain consciousness between the seizures. Typically, a seizure lasting more than five minutes is treated as status epilepticus condition and should be given immediate medical attention as it increases the mortality risk.